DRAFT (8-1-05)


PSC 475M-575M
(Three Credit Hours)


FALL 2005

Tuesdays from 6:15-9:15 p.m.
Curtiss Hall (Room 210)

"The Future of American Democracy" is a lecture/seminar course open to undergraduate students (Political Science 475M) and graduate students (Political Science 575M) for alphabetically-graded credit.

(Alternatively, a variation of this course — "America's National Experiment in Democratic Ideals", PSC 476M and PSC 576M — may be taken for pass-fail credit. Students may enroll in either course, but not both. Consult with Instructor for details and proper registration.)

Dr. Glen Browder
Eminent Scholar in American Democracy
Political Science Department
Jacksonville State University
Jacksonville, AL 36265

Member, United States Congress, l989-l997.

Alabama Secretary of State, l987-89.

Member, Alabama State Legislature, l982-l986.

Office: 225 Curtiss Hall; Telephone: (256) 782-5356; Email: browder@jsu.edu

Website: Additional information regarding "The Future of American Democracy" is available at: www.futureofamericandemocracy.org

The Course:

"The Future of American Democracy" — a special Jacksonville State University offering as part of its Eminent Scholars Program — is a provocative assessment of America's national experiment in democratic ideals. Dr. Glen Browder, drawing largely upon his academic, political, and personal background, will challenge conventional thinking about America with critical but constructive analysis.

The course will combine three different educational elements: (l) Dr. Browder will share his unconventional analysis of the current state and future prospects of American democracy; (2) he and enrolled students will engage in seminars on American democracy; and (3) he will direct individualized student research projects on American democracy.

Enrolled students (in PSC 475M-575M and the alternative PSC 476M-576M) will be expected to bring to this course requisite background and commitment commensurate with their academic expectations — either alphabetical credit or pass-fail credit — with each student's final grade based on enrollment status and participation as follows. For successful alphabetical credit ("A", "B", "C", or "D") in PSC 475M-575M, the student must attend at least three-fourths of the class meetings, engage in the seminars, and complete an individualized research project (a 10-page paper). For "pass" credit in PSC 476M-576M, the student must attend at least three-fourths of the class meetings, engage in seminars based on the course text, and contribute in some meaningful manner to the research projects. Of course, anyone in the JSU community is encouraged to audit the course or to attend selected lectures and class meetings in accord with university policy.

Course Text:

Glen Browder, The Future of American Democracy: A Former Congressman's Unconventional Analysis (University Press of America, 2002). In addition, consult Browder's manuscripts on "American Democracy's Uncertain Future" and "An Unsettling Vision of America's Democratic Destiny: The California Analogy" , presented at Capitol Hill Briefing and Discussion sponsored by California Institute for Federal Policy Research (Washington, DC, August 21, 2003).

Course Outline, Schedule, and Meeting Site:

The class will meet for twelve seminars — on Tuesdays from 6:15-9:15 p.m. in Curtiss Hall (Room 210) — according to the following course outline. Some adjustments in the outline, schedule, and meeting site may have to be made during the semester.

    Tuesday, September 6, 2005

    Introduction to course.
    Discussion of individualized course projects.
    Class assignments for next meeting.

    "Is America Dying?"
    (An unconventional analysis of transforming American democracy.)
    (Chapter One in text, pp. 5-26)

    1. Browder's thesis of American democracy.

    2. The American national dream is turning into national democratic distemper.

    3. It is time for a Tocquevillian assessment of the "Great Experiment" of American democracy.

    4. The objective: "To learn what we have to fear or to hope from its progress."

    Tuesday, September 13, 2005

    "A Systems Theory of Transformational America."
    (What do I mean by "America", "American Democracy", and "Dying"?)
    (Chapter Three in text, pp. 45-64)

    1. "America": A national experiment in democratic ideals.

    2. "American Democracy": The magical mix of people, politics, and government through which we pursue democratic ideals.

    3. "Dying": American democracy no longer works the way it used to, and we seem to be tiring of the Great Experiment itself.

    4. A systems theory of transformational America.

    Tuesday, September 20, 2005 — NO SEMINAR
    (Students Read Chapter Two)

    "How Dare I Ask Such An Outrageous Question About America?"
    (The discomforting venture of a veteran politician, political scientist, and "American Dreamer")
    (Chapter Two in text, pp. 27-44)

    1. A political-academic-personal introduction.

    2. The discomforting nature of my rhetorical inquiry.

    Tuesday, September 27, 2005

    "Propositional Observations of Transforming American Democracy."
    (Why and how — arguably — is America dying?)
    (Chapter Four in text, pp. 65-80)

      Propositional Observation Number One:
      "The favorable systemic environment of American democracy has disappeared."

      1. Our original, open, natural environment encouraged freedom, individualism, and independence — but that environment closed long ago.

      2. The popular expansion of national public authority fostered equality, security and justice — but that expansion appears to have reached its limits.

      3. America's next democratic frontier?

      4. America's historic democratic boom may — or may not — have busted.

    Tuesday, October 4, 2005

      Propositional Observation Number Two:
      "We have entrapped American democracy within a philosophical civil war."
      (Chapter Five in text, pp. 81-100)

      1. America is engaged in a philosophical civil war over democratic ideals, cultural values, and principles of governance.

      2. We now are conducting an intense national debate over America's basic cultural values ("culture wars").

      3. We also are re-examining our traditional system of limited representative governance ("neopopulist democratization").

      4. This is a different and ominous challenge for American democracy.

    Tuesday, October 11, 2005

      Propositional Observation Number Three:
      "American democracy no longer works the way it has in the past."
      (Chapter Six in text, pp. 101-128)

      1. The American people are losing their civic virtue.

      2. The political machinery of American democracy is broken.

      3. American government is functioning in unacceptable manner.

      4. We are witnessing the revolutionary rise of "electronic democracy".

      5. Demographic, economic, and technological trends are exacerbating our political troubles.

      6. Declensional tendencies of American democracy.

    Tuesday, October 18, 2005

      Propositional Observation Number Four:
      "America seems to be tiring of its historic Great Experiment."
      (Chapter Seven in text, pp. 129-148)

      1. The American people evidence mixed commitment to their national democratic endeavor.

      2. The American polity increasingly inclines toward alternative ideas about governance.

      3. Tired America appears to be questioning the Great Experiment at a critical point in American history.

    Tuesday, October 25, 2005

    "How Serious Is America's Democratic Illness?"
    (Systemic realities and alternative scenarios.)
    (Chapter Eight in text, pp. 149-166)

    1. America apparently has reached a critical juncture of systemic destiny.

    2. Conventional assurances of American democracy's enduring strength.

    3. Unconventional interpretations of democratic destiny.

    4. Alternative scenarios for an uncertain future: Disintegration ("Death of America"), Deformation ("Amerika" / "USSA"), Transition ("The American Federation"), or Transformation ("New America")?

    Tuesday, November 1, 2005

    "What Might America Look Like — If We Continue Our Current Course — In 2050?" (A speculative projection: "The American Federation")
    (Chapter Nine in text, pp. 167-186; also consult manuscripts of August 21, 2003)

    1. Centrifugal dynamics are reshaping the American political system.
    2. A contemporary vision of our democratic future (the California analogy).
    3. America may become "The American Federation" by the middle of the Twenty-First Century.
    4. An Alternative Recommendation: "Trans-America".

    Tuesday, November 8, 2005

    "The Future of American Democracy?"
    (The challenge of "New America")
    (Chapter Ten in text, pp. 187-216)

    1. A transformational review.

    2. A transformational juncture.

    3. A transformational challenge.

    4. And some transformational predictions about the evolving direction of American democracy.

    5. An even greater Democratic Experiment?

    6. "Quelle Grand Expérience!"

    Tuesday, November 15, 2005
    (Turn in Final Paper)

    Additional activity for enrolled students may be scheduled by Dr. Browder


All students are expected to read and understand the appropriate parts of the course text prior to each seminar. In addition, the following booklist includes reading material which the instructor considers pertinent to the public lecture series and seminars. Students are not expected to read all of these materials. However, specific materials will be assigned to individual students for reports back to the class; and students may find this list useful in their individualized course projects.

Adams, James Truslow. The Epic of America (1931). Little, Brown and Company.

Almond, Gabriel, and Sidney Verba. Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations (l963). Little, Brown and Company.

Almond, Gabriel A., Sidney Verba. The Civic Culture Revisited (1980). Sage Publications Inc.

Alperovitz, Gar. America Beyond Capitalism : Reclaiming Our Wealth, Our liberty, And Our Democracy (2004). Wiley.

Anelauskas, Valdas. Discovering America As It Is : Still Dreaming the American Dream? (2002). Clarity.

Avlon, John. Independent Nation : How the Vital Center Is Changing American Politics (2004). Crown Publishing Group.

Barber, Benjamin R. A Passion for Democracy: American Essays (2000). Princeton University Press.

Barlett, Donald L., and James B. Steele. America: What Went Wrong (l992). Andrews and McMeel.

Barlett, Donald L., and James B. Steele. America: Who Stole the Dream? (1996). Andrews and McMeel.

Barone, Michael. The New Americans (2001). Regnery Publishing.

Barzun, Jacques. From Dawn to Decadence: 500 Years of Western Cultural Life, 1500 to Present (2000). Harper Trade Publishers.

Beard, Charles Austin. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States (1925). Transaction Publishers.

Beck, Paul Allen, and Marjorie Randon Hershey. Party Politics in America (Ninth edition, 2001). Longman.

Becker, Theodore Lewis, and Christa Daryl Slaton. The Future of Teledemocracy: Visions and Theories — Action Experiments — Global Practices (2000). Greenwood Publishing Inc.

Bell, Art. Quickening: Today's Trends, Tomorrow's World (1998). Paper Chase Press.

Bennett, W. Lance. News — The Politics of Illusion (1996). Longman Publishing Group.

Berman, Larry, and Bruce Allen Murphy. Approaching Democracy (2003). Fourth Edition. Prentice Hall.

Blakey, Edward J. and Mary Gail Snyder. Fortress America: Gated Communities in the United States (1997). Brookings Institution Press.

Bloom, Allan. The Closing of the American Mind: How Higher Education Has Failed Democracy and Impoverished the Souls of Today's Students (l988). Simon and Schuster Trade.

Blyth, Myrna. Spin Sisters: How the Women of the Media Sell Unhappiness <— and Liberalism — To the Women of America (2004). St. Martin's Press.

Bok, Derek. The Trouble With Government (2001). Harvard University Press.

Bok, Derek. The State of the Nation (1997). Harvard University Press.

Bovard, James. Freedom in Chains: The Rise of the State and the Demise of the Citizen (1999). St. Martin's Press Inc.

Bovard, James. Lost Rights: The Destruction of American Liberty (1995). St. Martin's Press Inc.

Box, Richard C. Citizen Governance: Leading American Communities into the 21st Century (1998). Sage Publications.

Brecke, Ronald F. A Republic, If You Can Keep It (1999). Lexington.

Brimelow, Peter. Alien Nation: Common Sense About America's Immigration Disaster (1996). Perennial.

Broadbent, Edward. Democratic Equality: What Went Wrong? (2001). University of Toronto Press.

Broder, David S. Democracy Derailed: Initiative Campaigns and the Power of Money (2000). Harcourt.

Brookhiser, Richard. Way of the WASP: How It Made America, and How It Can Save It, So To Speak (1992). Simon & Schuster.

Brookings Review. The State of Governance in America 2000 (Winter, 2000).

Brooks, David. On Paradise Drive: How We Live Now (and Always Have) in the Future Tense (2004). Simon & Schuster.

Browder, Glen. The Future of American Democracy: A Former Congressman's Unconventional Analysis (2002). University Press of America.

Bryce, James. The American Commonwealth (l888). Liberty Fund.

Buchanan, Patrick J. The Death of the West: How Dying Populations and Immigrant Invasions Imperial Our Country and Civilization (2001). Thomas Dunne Books.

Burns, James MacGregor. Transforming Leadership: A New Pursuit of Happiness (2004). Grove.

Byrd, Robert C. Losing America: Confronting a Reckless and Arrogant Presidency (2004). W.W. Norton.

Carter, Stephen L. Civility: Manners, Morals, and the Etiquette of Democracy (1998). Harper Collins Publishers.

Chancellor, John. Peril and Promise: A Commentary on America. (1990). Harper Trade Publishers.

Chittum, Thomas W. Civil War II: The Coming Breakup of America (1997). American Eagle Publications.

Chomsky, Noam. Hegemony or Survival: America's Quest for Global Dominance (2003). Metropolitan Books.

Chomsky, Noam. A New Generation Draws the Line: Kosovo, East Timor and the Standards of the West (2001). Verso.

Chua, Amy. World On Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability (2003). Doubleday.

Crevecoeur, Hector St. John de. Letters from an American Farmer (1912, 1997). Oxford University Press.

Crozier, Michel, Joji Watanuki, and Samuel P. Huntington. The Crisis of Democracy Report on the Governability of Democracies to the Trilateral Commission (1975). New York University Press.

Dahl, Robert. A Preface to Democratic Theory (l963, 1990). University of Chicago Press.

Dahl, Robert. How Democratic is the American Constitution? (2001). Yale University Press.

Dahl, Robert. On Democracy (l999). Yale University Press.

Dahl, Robert. The New American Political (Dis)order (1994). University of California Institute of Government Studies.

Davidson, James West, William E. Gienapp, Christine Leigh Heyrman, Mark H. Lytle, Michael A. Stoff. Nation of Nations: A Narrative History of the American Republic (1994). McGraw-Hill.

Dickerson, Debra J. The End of Blackness: Returning the Souls of Black Folk to Their Rightful Owners (2000). Pantheon Books.

Dietze, Gottfried. America's Political Dilemma (1968). University Press of America.

Dionne, E.J., Jr. Community Works: The Revival of Civil Society in America (1998). Brookings Institute Press.

Dionne, E.J., Jr. They Only Look Dead: Why Progressives Will Dominate the Next Political Era (1996). Touchstone.

Dionne, E.J., Jr. Why Americans Hate Politics (1991). Simon and Shuster.

Donahue, John D. Disunited States (l997). Basic Books.

Drew, Elizabeth. The Corruption of American Politics: What Went Wrong and Why (1999). Overlook Press.

Dye, Thomas R., and Harmon Ziegler. The Irony of Democracy: An Uncommon Introduction to American Politics (2000). Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Dyer, Joel. Harvest of Rage: Why Oklahoma City Is Only the Beginning (l997). Westview Press.

Easton, David. A Systems Analysis of Political Life (l965). John Wiley and Sons.

Eberly. Don E. America's Promise: Civil Society and the Renewal of American Culture (1999). Rowman and Littlefield.

Eberly, Don. The Essential Civil Society Reader (2000). Rowman and Littlefield.

Edsall, Thomas Byrne, and Mary D. Edsall. Chain Reaction: The Impact of Race, Rights, and Taxes on American Politics (l99l). Norton Publishers.

Edwards, Lee. The Conservative Revolution (1999). Simon and Schuster Trade.

Ehrenhalt, Alan. Democracy in the Mirror: Politics, Reform, and Reality in Grassroots America (1998). Congressional Quarterly.

Ehrenhalt, Alan. The Lost City: The Forgotten Virtues of Community in America (1996). Basic Books.

Ehrenhalt, Alan. The United States of Ambition: Politicians, Power, and the Pursuit of Office (1991). Times Books.

Eisenstadt, S.N. Paradoxes of Democracy: Fragility, Continuity, and Change (1999). Johns Hopkins University Press.

Elshtain, Jean Bethke. Democracy on Trial (l995). Basic Books.

Erikson, Robert S., and Kent L. Tedin. American Public Opinion (Fifth Edition, 1995). Allyn and Bacon.

Esman, Milton J. Government Works: Why Americans Need the Feds (2000). Cornell University Press.

Evans, Michael D. The American Prophecies: Ancient Scriptures Reveal Our Nation's Future (2004). Warner Faith.

Fallows, James. Breaking the News: How the Media Undermine American Democracy (l996). Random House Inc.

Ferguson, Niall. Colossus: The Price of America's Empire (2004). Penguin.

Ferguson, Niall. Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power (2003). Basic.

Florida, Richard. Rise of the Creative Class (2002). Basic.

Florini, Ann. The Coming Democracy: New Rules for Running a New World ( 2003). Island.

Foner, Eric. The Story of American Freedom (1999). Norton Publishers.

Frank, Thomas. What's the Mater with Kansas? How Conservatives Won the Heart of America (2004). Metropolitan.

Frantzich, Stephen E. Citizen Democracy: Political Activists in a Cynical Age (1999). Rowman and Littlefield.

Frey, William H., and Ross C. DeVol. America's Demography in the New Century (2000). Milken Institute.

Friel, Brian. Why People Don't Trust Government (1997). Harvard University Press.

Fukuyama, Francis. The End of History and the Last Man (1992). Free Press.

Fuller, Graham. The Democracy Trap: Perils of the Post-Cold War World (l99l). Dutton/Plume Publishers.

Fullinwilder, Robert K. Civil Society, Democracy, and Civic Renewal (1999). Rowman and Littlefield.

Galbraith, John Kenneth. The Culture of Contentment. (1992). Houghton Mifflin Co.

Gardner, James. The Age of Extremism: The Enemies of Compromise in American Politics, Culture, and Race Relations (l997). Carol Publishing Group.

Garraty, John Arthur, and Mark C. Carnes. The American Nation, Volume 1 and (2002). Longman.

Garrett, Major. The Enduring Revolution: How the Contract with American Continues To Shape the Nation (2005). Crown Forum.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Loose Canons: Notes on the Culture Wars (1992). Oxford University Press.

Gerber, Elizabeth, Lupia, Arthur, McCubbins, Matthew, Kieweit, D. Roderick. Stealing the InitiativeHow State Government Responds to Direct Democracy (2001). Prentice Hall.

Geyer, Georgia Anne. Americans No More: The Death of Citizenship (l996). Grove/Atlantic Inc.

Gimpel, James G. Separate Destinations: Migration, Immigration, and the Politics of Places (1999). University of Michigan Press.

Gimpel, James Graydon, and Jason E. Schuknecht. Patchwork Nation: Sectionalism and Political Change in American Politics (2003). University of Michigan Press.

Gingrich, Newt. Winning The Future: A 21st Century Contract with America (2005). Regnery.

Gitlin, Todd. The Twilight of Common Dreams (1995). Henry Holt and Company.

Gore, Al. The Gore Report On Reinventing Government (1993). Times Books.

Gottschalk, Peter (Contributor), Sheldon H. Danziger. America Unequal (1997). Harvard University Press.

Greenberg, Stanley B. The Two Americas: Our Current Political Deadlock and How To Break It (2004). Thomas Dunne Books.

Guehenno, Jean-Marie, and Victoria Pesce Elliott. The End of the Nation-State (1995). University of Minnesota Press.

Gutmann, Amy. Identity in Democracy (2004). Princeton.

Hackney, Sheldon. The Politics of Presidential Appointment: A Memoir of the Culture War (2002). NewSouth.

Hackney, Sheldon. One America Indivisible: A National Conversation on American Pluralism and Identity. (1999). DIANE Publishing Company.

Hague, Barry N. and Brian D. Loader. Digital Democracy: Discourse and Decision Making in the Information Age (1999). Routledge.

Halberstam, David. Defining a Nation:Our America and the Sources of Its Strength (2003). National Geographic.

Hall, John A., and Charles Lindholm. Is America Breaking Apart? (1999). Princeton University Press.

Hanson, Victor Davis. An Autumn of War : What America Learned from September 11 and the War on Terrisom (2002). Anchor Books.

Hanson, Victor Davis. Mexifornia : A State of Becoming (2003). Encounter.

Harrison, Lawrence E., and Samuel P. Huntington. Culture Matters: How Values Shape Human Progress (2000). Basic Books.

Hart, Gary. Restoration of the Republic: The Jeffersonian Ideal in 21st Century America (2002). Oxford University Press.

Himmelfarb, Gertrude. One Nation, Two Cultures (1999). Knopf Publishers.

Hodge, Carl Cavanagh. All of the People, All of the Time: American Government at the End of the Century (1998). Peter Lang Publishers.

Hollinger, David A. Postethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism (1995). Basic Books.

Horton, John, Jose Calderon, Mary Pardo, and Linda Shaw. The Politics of Diversity: Immigration, Resistance, and Change in Monterey Park, California (1995). Temple University Press.

Howard, Philip K. The Death of Common Sense: How Law Is Suffocating America (1996). Warner Books Inc.

Hudson, William E. American Democracy in Peril: Seven Challenges to America's Future (1997). Seven Bridges Press Inc.

Hughes, Robert. Culture of Complaint: The Fraying of America (1993). Oxford University Press.

Hunter, James Davison. Before the Shooting Begins: Searching for Democracy in America's Culture War (1994). The Free Press.

Hunter, James Davison. Culture Wars: The Struggle To Define America (l99l). Basic Books.

Huntington, Samuel P. Who Are We: The Challenges to America's National Identity (2004) Simon & Schuster.

Huntington, Samuel. American Politics (1981). Belknap Press.

Isaac, Jeffrey C. Poverty of Progressivism : The Future of American Democracy in a Time of Liberal Decline (2003). Rowman and Littlefield.

Jacoby, Tamar. Reinventing the Melting Pot: The New Immigrants and What It Means To Be American. (2004). Basic Books.

Jacoby, Russell. The End of Utopia: Politics and Culture in an Age of Apathy (2000). Basic.

Jamieson, Kathleen Hall. Dirty Politics: Deception, Distraction, and Democracy (1992). Oxford University Press.

Jefferson, Thomas, Adrienne Koch (ed.), and William Peden (ed.). The Life and Selected Writings of Thomas Jefferson (l998). Random House.

Johnson, Chalmers. Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire (2004). Owl.

Johnson, Chalmers. The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, Secrecy, and the End of the Republic (2004). Metropolitan.

Johnson, Haynes, and David S. Broder. The System: The American Way of Politics at the Breaking Point (l996). Little, Brown, and Company.

Johnson, Paul. A History of the American People (1998). HarperCollins.

Judis, John B. The Paradox of American Democracy: Elites, Special Interests, and the Betrayal of Public Trust (2000). Pantheon Books.

Judis, John B. and Ruy Teixeira. The Emerging Democratic Majority (2002). Scribner.

Kamber, Victor. Poison Politics: Are Negative Campaigns Destroying Democracy? (l997). Perseus Books.

Kaminski, John. America's Autopsy Report: The Internet Essays of John Kaminski (2003). Dandelion.

Kaplan, Robert. An Empire Wilderness: Travels into America's Future (l998). Random House.

Kaplan, Robert. The Coming Anarchy: Shattering the Dreams of the Post Cold War (2000). Random House Value Publishing.

Kay, John. Culture and Prosperity: The Truth about Markets — Why Some Nations Are Rich but Most Remain Poor (2004). HarperBusiness

Kennan, George F. At a Century's Ending: Reflections, 1982-1995 (1996). Norton Books.

Kennan, George F. Around the Cragged Hill: A Personal and Political Philosophy (l993). Norton Books.

Kennon, Patrick. The Twilight of Democracy (l995). Doubleday and Company.

Kettl, Donald F. The Transformation of Governance: Public Administration for Twenty-First Century America (2002). Johns Hopkins University Press.

Key, V.O., Jr. Southern Politics in State and Nation (1949). University of Tennessee Press.

Kingdon, John W. America the Unusual (1999). Bedford.

Kitahara, Michio. The Entangled Civilation: Democracy, Equity, and Freedom at a Loss (1995). University Press of America

Kotlikoff, Laurence J, and Scott Burns. The Coming Generational Storm: What You Need To Know about America's Economic Future (2004). MIT Press.

Kramer, Hilton, and Roger Kimball. Against the Grain: The New Criterion on Art and Intellect at the End of the Twentieth Century (1995). Ivan R. Dee Publishers.

Kramer, Larry D. The People Themselves: Popular Constitutionalism and Judicial Review (2004). Oxford University Press.

Kressley, Konrad M. Forecasts to Master Your Future (1998). Factor.

Krugman, Paul. The Great Unraveling: Losing Our Way in the New Century (2003). W.W. Norton

Lakoff, George. Don't Think of an Elephant: Know Your Values and Frame the Debate — The Essential Guide for Progressives (2004). Chelsea Green.

Ladd, Everett Carll. The Ladd Report (1999). Simon and Schuster Press.

Lapham, Lewis H. Gag Rule: On the Suppression of Dissent and Stifling of Democracy (2004). Penguin.

Lasch, Christopher. Revolt of the Elites: And the Betrayal of Democracy (l995). Norton Books.

Lazare, Daniel. The Frozen Republic: How the Constitution Is Paralyzing Democracy (l996). Harcourt Brace and Company.

Leib, Ethan J. Deliberative Democracy in America: A Proposal for a Popular Branch of Government (2003). Princeton.

Levine, Peter. The New Progressive Era: Toward a Fair and Deliberative Democracy (2000). Rowman and Littlefield.

Levin, Mark R. Men In Black: How the Supreme Court Is Destroying America (2005). Regnery.

Lijphart, Arend. Democracy in Plural Societies: A Comparative Exploration (1977). Yale University Press.

Lijphart, Arend. The Politics of Accommodation: Pluralism and Democracy in the Netherlands (1976). University of California Press.

Lind, Michael. Next American Nation: The New Nationalism and tee Fourth American Revolution (1996). Touchstone Books.

Lukacs, John. At the End of an Age (2002). Yale University Press.

Lukacs, John. Outgrowing Democracy: A History of the United States in the Twentieth Century (1984). Doubleday.

MacDonald, Andrew. The Turner Diaries (l978). Barricade Books Inc.

Marable, Manning. The Great Wells of Democracy: The Meaning of Race in America (2002). Basic Books.

Marshall, Will, and Martin Schram (editors). Mandate For Change (1993). Progressive Policy Institute.

McCuan, David, and Stephen Stambough. Initiative-Centered Politics: The New Politics of Direct Democracy (2004). Carolina Academic Press.

McDougall, Walter A. Freedom Just Around the Corner: A New American History (2004). HarperCollins.

McGovern, George. The Essential America: Our Founders and the Liberal Tradition (2004). Simon and Schuster.

McElroy, John Harmon. American Beliefs: What Keeps a Big Country and a Diverse People United (1999). Ivan R. Dee Publishers.

Melzer, Arthur M., J. Weinberger, and M. Richard Zinman. Multiculturalism and American Democracy (1998). University Press of Kansas.

Mills, Nicholas. The Triumph of Meanness: America's War Against Its Better Self (l997). Houghton Mifflin.

Morrow, William Lockhart. A Republic, If You Can Keep It (1999). Prentice Hall.

Muncy, Mitchell. The End of Democracy ? II: A Crisis of Legitimacy (l999). Spence Publishing Company.

Murrin, John M., James M. McPherson, Paul E. Johnson, Gary Gerstle, Emily S. Rosenburg, and Norman L. Rosenburg. Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People, Second Edition (1999). Harcourt.

Naisbitt, John. Megatrends: Ten Directions Transforming Our Lives (l982). Mass Market Paperback.

Naisbitt, John, and Patricia Aburdene. Megatrends 2000: Ten New Directions for the 1990s (1990). Mass Market Paperback.

National Academy of Public Administration. A Government to Trust and Respect: Rebuilding Citizen-Government Relations for the 21st Century" (June, 1999).

National Commission on Civic Renewal. "A Nation of Spectators" (June, l998).

Neuhaus, Richard John. America Against Itself: Moral Vision and the Public Order (1992). South Bend: University of Notre Dame Press.

Neuhaus, Richard John. The End of Democracy? The Celebrated First Things Debate with Arguments Pro and Con on 'the Anatomy of a Controversy' (l997). Spence Publishing Company.

Ohmae, Kenichi. The End of the Nation State: The Rise of Regional Economies (1996). Simon and Schuster Trade.

Olson, Mancur. The Rise and Decline of Nations (1982). Yale University Press.

O'Neill, Michael J. The Roar of the Crowd: How Television and People Power Are Challenging the World (1993).

Osborne, David, and Gaebler Ted. Reinventing Government: How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector (1992). Dutton/Plume Publishers.

Osborne, David, and Peter Plastrik (Contributor). Banishing Bureaucracy: The Five Strategies for Reinventing Government (1997). Penguin Putnam Inc.

Peters, B. Guy. The Future of Governing (l996). University Press of Kansas.

Pharr, Susan J., and Robert D. Putnam. Disaffected Democracies: What's Troubling the Trilateral Countries? (2000). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Phillips, Kevin. Wealth and Democracy: A Political History of the American Rich (2003). Broadway.

Pierson, George Wilson. Tocqueville in America (l938). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Pomper, Gerald M. and Marc D. Weiner. The Future of American Democratic Politics: Principles and Practices (2003). Rutgers University Press.

Putnam, Robert D. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community (2000). Simon and Schuster Trade.

Raskin, Jamin B. Overruling Democracy: The Supreme Court Vs. the American People (2003). Routledge.

Rauch, Jonathan. Demosclerosis: The Silent Killer of American Government (l994). Times Books.

Rauch, Jonathan. Government's End: Why Washington Stopped Working (1999). Public Affairs, LLC.

Reed, Ishmael. Multi-America: Essays on Cultural Wars and Cultural Peace (1996). Viking Penguin.

Rhode, Stephen F. Rohde (Editor). Webster's New World American Words of Freedom (2001). Webster's New World.

Richardson, Elliot. Reflections of a Radical Moderate (1996). Random House.

Rifkin, Jeremy. The European Dream: How Europe's Vision of the Future Is Quietly Eclipsing the American Dream (2004). Jeremy P. Tarcher.

Roberts, Sam. Who We Are Now: The Changing Face of America in the Twenty-First Century (2004). Times.

Robertson, Wilmot. The Ethnostate (l993). Howard Allen Enterprises.

Robinson, Randall. The Debt: What America Owes To Blacks (2000). Dutton/Plume Publishers.

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